John Marshall’s biography.
Marshall was an American born in 1755 in the Virginia Colony at Germantown. Marshall later joined the Continental Army post to the outbreak of the Revolutionary War of the Americans. Marshall attended Mary and William’s colleges and formally attained legal training because he only attended a brief lecture course. He was subsequently licensed to practice law. After his studies, he was elected to control the Virginia House of Delegates (Gerber, 2020). While he was attending legislature sessions, he established the practice of the law in the Richmond state capital. This made him acquire the city as his home place after their marriage with Mary Ambler. In the army, Marshall served many battles. In the Continental Army, he served as a captain. Later, Marshall defeated the aspirants in the Virginia House of Delegates elections, and there, Marshall started his political journey. Subsequently, he became a well-known lawyer and a politician. He served from 1801 – 1835 as the United States’ fourth Chief Justice.
In the history of the United States Supreme Court, Marshall is Chief Justice who has served for a longer term in office as the fourth Chief Justice. His ever sitting in the Chief Justice office made him is regarded as an influential justice. Before joining the Supreme Court, John Marshall served under President John Adams as the United States fourth Secretary. While in the office as a Delegate of the Virginia House, Marshall favoured amending of Constitution of the United States and amending also the Constitution of Virginia. In 1797, President Adams requested Marshall to travel to France to negotiate on bringing a stop the shipping of the Americans (Gerber, 2020). During their talk with the France government, France denied a negotiation room unless they agree that the United States should pay a bribe. While in France, Marshall, together with other commissioners, secretively sent President Adams and the then United States Secretary Timothy Pickering.
The Congress in April 1798 realized the correspondence sent, and they demanded the administration reveal the content of the correspondence. The content was revealed, which led to a public outcry revealing the bribe demanded by the France agents. Hence, it was known as the XYZ affair. Marshall then returned to the United States and was elected the Federalist Party Congress Representative to represent the United States. Shortly after his return, Congress passed a bill shortly after Marshall had returned that embarked on France. This made France declare a War. This war was described as Quasi-War. Marshall on his side, supported the measures the Congress adopted to fight against France. Marshall made a letter published to the local newspaper indicating a belief that law seemingly creates unnecessary jealousy and discontent at a time when our existence depends on the union we have as a nation.
While on the seat of Chief Justice, Marshall changed how the Supreme Court makes decisions. On previous occasions, in Virginia Supreme Court, every Justice was known to give his opinion separately. This is what still happens in the United Kingdom Supreme Court and Australia. According to (Ray . 2019), since Marshall entered the office as Chief Justice, the court adopted all justice handling opinion as a majority of the court; hence a rule is withdrawn from the opinion. During his reign in Supreme Court, the Justices were together in a house, avoiding socializing outside. This made them discuss the cases among themselves, intentionally leading to decision-making more quickly. Also, there were no Clerks for each Justice, making them closely listen for the arguments themselves and decide by themselves.
Marshall opposed the slavery act in the United States, and he viewed slavery as an evil act on pe
Biography of John Marshall (Book Review Sample)
Sunday July 31, 2022
John Marshall’s biography.